What is Irrigation?

What is Irrigation? 
Some people call it sprinklers but an automatic irrigation system should be a carefully designed system to deliver water evenly across the various zones. Each zone is comprised of valves, piping and sprinkler heads connected to a controller or automatic timer. Ideally, each zone will have plants requiring a similar amount of watering and receive similar amounts of sun or shade.

"Photo courtesy of Hunter Industries Incorporated."
"Photo courtesy of Hunter Industries Incorporated." 

Repairs and maintenance of a sprinkler system are required to make sure the irrigation water is evenly distributed.  Common water distribution problems include:

  1. Broken Sprinkler Heads
  2. Misaligned spray heads
  3. Sprinkler Heads too close
  4. Sprinkler Heads too far apart
  5. Clogged or worn nozzles
  6. Mismatched parts used in repairs.


Sometimes the system is otherwise operating satisfactory but one or two of the stations do not operate at all. These problems may be the result of the following:

  • Irrigation Controller not properly programmed.
  • Irrigation Controller is beginning to fail.
  • Field wiring is loose or broken.
  • Sprinkler valve or solenoid is bad. 


Hancock Glen has the experience and tools to quickly and effectively diagnose and repair these concerns.  Other Technical knowledge to understand lawn sprinkler efficiency and water conservation, which are two different things:

Efficiency relates to how effective the system is at delivering water evenly and to the root zone. This is one reason why drip irrigation is more efficient than traditional overhead spray systems. 

Conservation relates to how the operational program is matched to the current climate conditions, plant and soil type.  Controllers that account for location, weather, and various site conditions conserve 20 to 30 percent more water than do conventional automatic timers.